When setting up a server room, there are a number of areas that you need to focus on; this can include everything from working out the available space that you have for servers, through to how well you can secure a room from potential theft or accidents. At the same time, it’s important to think about cable and network management, about data cabinets and racks, and what kinds of backup options you can take for a server room.
Deciding on where you’re going to have a server room, and how much space you have available, should be a priority. Depending on your needs, you may be able to get away with using part of a room that’s being employed for another purpose, such as storage. However, it’s worth finding a dedicated room that can offer you extra space if you want to increase the number of servers you’re running. A larger server room can also make it easier to handle cable and network links.
Make sure that a server room is as secure as possible when it comes to who has access to servers – you should also be careful about allowing anyone to enter a room, especially if they accidentally damage network connections. A dedicated server room with limited access is best, in this respect, for controlling who is able to make changes to your network set up.
This is crucial to consider if you’re going to have a server room that’s going to last for a long time; you particularly need to focus on static build up, humidity, and over heating. Some of the best approaches to take to reduce these problems include raised floor panels, air conditioners, and environmental monitoring systems that can check for optimum temperature levels and power surges.
Cable and Network Management
When working on your server room, you should be aware of the best ways to control your cables and their connection to switches and servers. One of the best approaches to take involves using patch panels, which act as a way to securely run cables and wires into your central network. Patch panels can be labelled and colour coded to identify which ports are being used, and make it much easier to connect and disconnect cables than if you’re running your network links directly into your switch or server.
Data Cabinets and Server Racks
Which cabinets and racks you use for your servers will depend on space, and whether you want to easily separate servers to increase air flow and enable quicker access to connections. To this end, wall mounted server cabinets can be a good idea if you don’t have a lot of space, while open racks can be used to quickly add and remove servers.
Choosing Switches, Routers, Hubs
It can be best to focus on a single brand like Netgear or Cisco when deciding on a network of switches, routers, and hubs; this can make it much easier to troubleshoot problems, and to increase compatibility across a network. Same brand equipment can similarly work to simplify admin control over a server room and a network.
While you may have certain files backed up on discs and hard drives, it’s best to keep these separate from your main server room. Having a smaller storage area that’s fire resistant is perhaps the best approach to take, while backing up some of your data to a cloud service can also work well to prevent losses.